Virgin Islands Population: 104,737


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During the 17th century, the archipelago was divided into two territorial units, one English and the other Danish. Sugarcane, produced by African slave labor, drove the islands' economy during the 18th and early 19th centuries. In 1917, the US purchased the Danish portion, which had been in economic decline since the abolition of slavery in 1848.

Important location along the Anegada Passage - a key shipping lane for the Panama Canal; Saint Thomas has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the Caribbean
Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates: 18 20 N, 64 50 W
Area: total: 1,910 sq km
land: 346 sq km
water: 1,564 sq km

Size comparison: twice the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 188 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate: subtropical, tempered by easterly trade winds, relatively low humidity, little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season September to November
Terrain: mostly hilly to rugged and mountainous with little level land
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Crown Mountain 474 m
Natural resources: sun, sand, sea, surf
Land use: arable land: 2.86%
permanent crops: 2.86%
other: 94.29% (2011)
Irrigated land: 1 sq km (2011)
Natural hazards: several hurricanes in recent years; frequent and severe droughts and floods; occasional earthquakes
Current Environment Issues: lack of natural freshwater resources
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Nationality: noun: Virgin Islander(s) (US citizens)
adjective: Virgin Islander
Ethnic groups: black 76.2%, white 13.1%, Asian 1.1%, other 6.1%, mixed 3.5% (2000 census)
Languages: English 74.7%, Spanish or Spanish Creole 16.8%, French or French Creole 6.6%, other 1.9% (2000 census)
Religions: Protestant 59% (Baptist 42%, Episcopalian 17%), Roman Catholic 34%, other 7%
Population: 104,737 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.2% (male 9,669/female 9,407)
15-24 years: 10.6% (male 5,075/female 6,063)
25-54 years: 39.3% (male 18,698/female 22,444)
55-64 years: 14.1% (male 7,036/female 7,750)
65 years and over: 17.8% (male 8,431/female 10,164) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 58.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 32.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 25.3 %
potential support ratio: 3.9 (2013)
Median age: total: 43.5 years
male: 43.7 years
female: 43.3 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate: -0.53% (2013 est.)
Birth rate: 10.69 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate: 7.95 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate: -8.01 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 95% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: -0.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: CHARLOTTE AMALIE (capital) 54,000 (2009)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.83 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 0.88 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 6.94 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.65 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 79.61 years
male: 76.57 years
female: 82.83 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.77 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate: 78.4% note: percent of women aged 18-44 (2002)
Education expenditures: NA
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 90-95% est.
male: NA
female: NA (2005 est.)
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Country name: conventional long form: United States Virgin Islands
conventional short form: Virgin Islands
former: Danish West Indies
abbreviation: USVI
Government type: NA
Capital: name: Charlotte Amalie
geographic coordinates: 18 21 N, 64 56 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three islands at the second order; Saint Croix, Saint John, Saint Thomas
Independence: none (territory of the US)
National holiday: Transfer Day (from Denmark to the US), 31 March (1917)
Constitution: Revised Organic Act of 22 July 1954
Legal system: US common law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; note - island residents are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections
Executive branch: chief of state: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)

head of government: Governor John DeJONGH (since 1 January 2007)

cabinet: NA (For more information visit the World Leaders website )

elections: under the US Constitution, residents of unincorporated territories, such as the Virgin Islands, do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; however, they may vote in the Democratic and Republican presidential primary elections; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held on 2 November 2010 (next to be held in November 2014)

election results: John DeJONGH reelected governor; percent of vote - John DeJONGH 56.3%, Kenneth MAPP 43.6%
Legislative branch: unicameral Senate (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)

elections: last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Democratic Party 10, ICM 2, independent 3 note: the Virgin Islands elects one non-voting representative to the US House of Representatives; election last held 6 November 2012 (next to be held on November 2014)
Judicial branch: highest court(s): Supreme Court of the Virgin Islands (consists of the chief justice and 2 associate justices); note - court established by US Congress in 2004 and assumed appellate jurisdiction in 2007 judge selection and term of office: justices appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Virgin Islands Senate; justices initially serve renewable 10-year terms; chief justice elected to position by peers for a 3-year term

subordinate courts: Superior Court (renamed in 2004 vice the Territorial Court); US Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (has appellate jurisdiction over the District Court of the Virgin Islands; it is a territorial court and is not associated with a US federal judicial district); District Court of the Virgin Islands
Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party [Arturo WATLINGTON] Independent Citizens' Movement or ICM [Usie RICHARDS] Republican Party [Gary SPRAUVE]
International organization participation: IOC, UPU, WFTU (NGOs)
National anthem: name: "Virgin Islands March"
lyrics/music: multiple/Alton Augustus ADAMS, Sr.

note: adopted 1963; serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United States, "The Star-Spangled Banner" is official (see United States)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of the US)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (territory of the US)
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Tourism, trade, and other services are the primary economic activities, accounting for roughly 57% of GDP and about half of total civilian employment in 2010. Goods-producing industries accounted for 23% of GDP in 2010 and government represented 20%. The islands hosted nearly 2.74 million visitors - 2.2 million cruise ship and 536,000 air passengers - in 2011. The manufacturing sector consists of rum distilling, electronics, pharmaceuticals, and watch assembly. The agriculture sector is small, with most food being imported. The islands are vulnerable to damage from storms. The government is working to improve fiscal discipline, to support construction projects in the private sector, to expand tourist facilities, to reduce crime, and to protect the environment.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.577 billion (2004 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $NA
GDP - real growth rate: 2% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $14,500 (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products: fruit, vegetables, sorghum; Senepol cattle
Industries: tourism, watch assembly, rum distilling, construction, pharmaceuticals, electronics
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Labor force: 49,820 (2007 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 1%
industry: 19%
services: 80% (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate: 6.2% (2004)
Population below poverty line: 28.9% (2002)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $837 million
expenditures: $837 million (FY08/09)
Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.2% (2003)
Exports: $4.234 billion (2001)
Exports - commodities: refined petroleum products
Imports: $4.609 billion (2001)
Imports - commodities: crude oil, foodstuffs, consumer goods, building materials
Debt - external: $NA
Exchange rates: the US dollar is used
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Electricity - production: 872 million kWh (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 150
Electricity - consumption: 811 million kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 323,000 kW (2009 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Crude oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 425,000 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - production: 493,200 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 106,100 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 390,000 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 5,180 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 11.95 million Mt (2010 est.)
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Telephones in use: 75,800 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 154
Cellular Phones in use: 80,300 (2005)
Telephone system: general assessment: modern system with total digital switching, uses fiber-optic cable and microwave radio relay

domestic: full range of services available

international: country code - 1-340; submarine cable connections to US, the Caribbean, Central and South America; satellite earth stations - NA (2010)
Broadcast media: about a dozen TV broadcast stations including 1 public TV station; multi-channel cable and satellite TV services are available; 24 radio stations (2009)
Internet country code: .vi
Internet hosts: 4,790 (2012)
Internet users: 30,000 (2009)
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Airports: 2 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 207
Airports (paved runways): total 2
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
Roadways: total 1,260 km
Ports and terminals: Charlotte Amalie, Christiansted, Cruz Bay, Frederiksted, Limetree Bay
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Defense is the responsibility of the US
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 17,542
females age 16-49: 20,946 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 744
female: 788 (2010 est.)
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 Transnational Issues
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   Source: CIA - The World Factbook

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