Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Population: 102,350

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 History
Resistance by native Caribs prevented colonization on Saint Vincent until 1719. Disputed between France and the UK for most of the 18th century, the island was ceded to the latter in 1783. Between 1960 and 1962, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was a separate administrative unit of the Federation of the West Indies. Autonomy was granted in 1969 and independence in 1979.

 Geography
The administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands and cays
Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates: 13 15 N, 61 12 W
Area: total: 389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km)
land: 389 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: twice the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 84 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Climate: tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Terrain: volcanic, mountainous
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: hydropower, arable land
Land use: agricultural land: 25.6% arable land 12.8%; permanent crops 7.7%; permanent pasture 5.1% forest: 68.7%
other: 5.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land: 10 sq km (2012)
Natural hazards: hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat
Current Environment Issues: pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
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 People
Nationality: noun: Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s)
adjective: Saint Vincentian or Vincentian
Ethnic groups: black 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, European 4%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 3%
Languages: English, French patois
Religions: Protestant 75% (Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%), Roman Catholic 13%, other (includes Hindu, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Protestant) 12%
Population: 102,350 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 21.78% (male 11,246/female 11,050)
15-24 years: 16.28% (male 8,407/female 8,258)
25-54 years: 42.64% (male 22,668/female 20,975)
55-64 years: 10.2% (male 5,363/female 5,076)
65 years and over: 9.09% (male 4,347/female 4,960) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 46.8%
youth dependency ratio: 36%
elderly dependency ratio: 10.8%
potential support ratio: 9.3% (2015 est.)
Median age: total: 33 years
male: 33.2 years
female: 32.9 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: -0.26% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 13.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate: -8.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 50.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.72% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: KINGSTOWN (capital) 27,000 (2014)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Maternal mortality rate: 45 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 12.3 deaths/1,000 live births male: 13.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.3 years male: 73.3 years
female: 77.4 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.81 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures: 8.6% of GDP (2014)
Hospital bed density: 5.2 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water source: improved:
urban: 95.1% of population
rural: 95.1% of population
total: 95.1% of population

unimproved:
urban: 4.9% of population
rural: 4.9% of population
total: 4.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access: improved:
urban: 76.1% of population
rural: 76.1% of population
total: 76.1% of population

unimproved:
urban: 23.9% of population
rural: 23.9% of population
total: 23.9% of population (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate: 24.1% (2014)
Education expenditures: 5.1% of GDP (2010)
Literacy:
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24: total: 33.8% male: 27.8%
female: 41.4% (2008 est.)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
etymology: Saint Vincent was named by explorer Christopher COLUMBUS after Saint VINCENT of Saragossa because the 22 January 1498 day of discovery was the saint's feast day
Government type: parliamentary democracy (House of Assembly) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm
Capital: name: Kingstown
geographic coordinates: 13 08 N, 61 13 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: 6 parishes; Charlotte, Grenadines, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick
Independence: 27 October 1979 (from the UK)
National holiday: Independence Day, 27 October (1979)
Constitution: several previous; latest passed by the House of Assembly 3 September 2009 (The Saint Vincent and The Grenadines Constitution Act, 2009) (2016)
Legal system: English common law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Fredrick Nathaniel BALLANTYNE (since 2 September 2002)

head of government: Prime Minister Ralph E. GONSALVES (since 29 March 2001)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Legislative branch: description: unicameral House of Assembly (21 seats; 15 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 6 appointed by the governor general; members serve 5-year terms)

elections: last held on 9 December 2015 (next to be held in 2020)

election results: percent of vote by party - ULP 52.3%, NDP 47.4%, other 0.3%; seats by party - ULP 8, NDP 7
Judicial branch: highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; the ECSC - with its headquarters on Saint Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the member states; 2 High Court judges reside on Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; note - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a member of the Caribbean Court of Justice judge selection and term of office: chief justice of Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court appointed by the Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission, an independent body of judicial officials; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62

subordinate courts: magistrates' courts
Political parties and leaders: Democratic Republican Party or DRP [Anesia BAPTISTE] New Democratic Party or NDP [Arnhim EUSTACE] Unity Labor Party or ULP [Ralph GONSALVES] (formed by the coalition of Saint Vincent Labor Party or SVLP and the Movement for National Unity or MNU) SVG Green Party or SVGP [Ivan O'NEAL]
Political pressure groups and leaders: NA
International organization participation: ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WTO
National symbol(s): Saint Vincent parrot; national colors: blue, gold, green
National anthem: name: "St. Vincent! Land So Beautiful!"
lyrics/music: Phyllis Joyce MCCLEAN PUNNETT/Joel Bertram MIGUEL

note: adopted 1967
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Ad interim Omari WILLIAMS
chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
telephone: [1] (202) 364-6730
FAX: [1] (202) 364-6736
consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
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 Economy
Success of the economy hinges upon seasonal variations in agriculture, tourism, and construction activity as well as remittances. Much of the workforce is employed in banana production and tourism, but persistent high unemployment has prompted many to leave the islands. Saint Vincent is home to a small offshore banking sector and has moved to adopt international regulatory standards. This lower-middle-income country is vulnerable to natural disasters - tropical storms wiped out substantial portions of crops in 1994, 1995, and 2002. Floods and mudslides caused by unseasonable rainfall in 2013, caused substantial damage to infrastructure, homes, and crops, which the World Bank estimated at US$112 million. The government's ability to invest in social programs and respond to external shocks is constrained by its high public debt burden, which was 67% of GDP - one of the lowest levels in the Eastern Caribbean - at the end of 2013. In 2013, the islands had more than 200,000 tourist arrivals, mostly to the Grenadines. Arrivals represented a marginal increase from 2012 but remain 26% below St. Vincent's 2009 peak. Weak recovery in the tourism and construction sectors limited growth in 2015.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.241 billion (2016 est.) $1.219 billion (2015 est.) $1.212 billion (2014 est.)

note: data are in 2016 dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $766 million (2015 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 1.8% (2016 est.) 0.6% (2015 est.) 0.2% (2014 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $11,300 (2016 est.) $11,100 (2015 est.) $11,000 (2014 est.)

note: data are in 2016 dollars
Gross national saving: -2.9% of GDP (2016 est.) -2.6% of GDP (2015 est.) -4.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
GDP - composition, by end use: household consumption: 89.6%
government consumption: 19%
investment in fixed capital: 20.9%
investment in inventories: -0.2%
exports of goods and services: 20.3%
imports of goods and services: -49.8% (2016 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin: household consumption: 89.6%
government consumption: 19%
investment in fixed capital: 20.9%
investment in inventories: -0.2%
exports of goods and services: 20.3%
imports of goods and services: -49.8% (2016 est.)
Agriculture - products: bananas, coconuts, sweet potatoes, spices; small numbers of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats; fish
Industries: tourism; food processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch
Industrial production growth rate: 2.3% (2016 est.)
Labor force: 57,520 (2007 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 26%
industry: 17%
services: 57% (1980 est.)
Unemployment rate: 18.8% (2008 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $222.2 million
expenditures: $259.3 million (2016 est.)
Taxes and other revenues: 29% of GDP (2016 est.)
Public debt: 67% of GDP (2013 est.) 68% of GDP (2011 est.)
Fiscal year: calendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): -0.3% (2016 est.) -1.7% (2015 est.)
Current account balance: -$176 million (2016 est.) -$194 million (2015 est.)
Exports: $50.5 million (2016 est.) $49.8 million (2015 est.)
Exports - commodities: bananas, eddoes and dasheen (taro), arrowroot starch; tennis racquets
Exports - partners: Trinidad and Tobago 18.9%, St. Lucia 14.8%, Barbados 12.3%, Dominica 9.7%, Grenada 9.3%, Antigua and Barbuda 8.4%, Poland 7.1%, St. Kitts and Nevis 4.1% (2015)
Imports: $327.1 million (2016 est.) $320.7 million (2015 est.)
Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals and fertilizers, minerals and fuels
Imports - partners: Trinidad and Tobago 29.3%, US 17.2%, Singapore 8.7%, China 8%, Barbados 6%, Poland 5.5%, Turkey 4.4% (2015)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $165 million (31 December 2016 est.) $166 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Debt - external: $321.1 million (31 December 2016 est.) $327 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2016 est.) 2.7 (2015 est.) 2.7 (2014 est.) 2.7 (2013 est.) 2.7 (2012 est.)
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 Energy
Electricity - production: 100 million kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 100 million kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2013 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2013 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 47,000 kW (2014 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 85.1% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 14.9% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Crude oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2016 es)
Refined petroleum products - production: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 1,600 bbl/day (2014 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 1,519 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2014 es)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 300,000 Mt (2013 est.)
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 Communications
Cellular Phones in use: total: 113,000 subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 110 (July 2015 est.)
Telephone system: general assessment: adequate islandwide, fully automatic telephone system

domestic: fixed-line teledensity exceeds 20 per 100 persons and mobile-cellular teledensity is about 110 per 100 persons

international: country code - 1-784; the East Caribbean Fiber System and Southern Caribbean Fiber submarine cables carry international calls; connectivity also provided by VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to Barbados; SHF radiotelephone to Grenada and Saint Luc (2015)
Broadcast media: St. Vincent and the Grenadines Broadcasting Corporation operates 1 TV station and 5 repeater stations that provide near total coverage to the multi-island state; multi-channel cable TV service available; a partially government-funded national radio servic (2007)
Internet country code: .vc
Internet users: total: 53,000 percent of population: 51.8% (July 2015 est.)
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 Transportation
Airports: 6 (2013)
Airports (paved runways): total 5

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 1 (2013)
Airports (unpaved runways): total 1

under 914 m: 1 (2013)
Roadways: total 829 km
paved: 580 km
unpaved: 249 km (2003)
Merchant marine: total 412

by type: bulk carrier 64, cargo 263, carrier 14, chemical tanker 4, container 18, liquefied gas 3, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 7, petroleum tanker 9, refrigerated cargo 12, roll on/roll off 15, specialized tanker 1

foreign-owned: 325 (Austria 1, Azerbaijan 1, Bangladesh 1, Belgium 7, Bermuda 1, Bulgaria 9, China 65, Croatia 8, Cyprus 3, Czech Republic 1, Denmark 9, Dominica 1, Egypt 2, Estonia 8, France 2, Germany 3, Greece 42, Guyana 2, Hong Kong 5, Israel 3, Italy 4, Japan 3, Kenya (2010)
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Kingstown
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 Military
Military branches: no regular military forces; Royal Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force (RSVPF) (2013)
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 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; small-scale cannabis cultivation
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   Source: CIA - The World Factbook
 

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