Isle of Man Population: 88,195

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 History
Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British Crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Gaelic language. Isle of Man is a British Crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the EU. However, the UK Government remains constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

 Geography
One small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest and is a bird sanctuary
Location: Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland
Geographic coordinates: 54 15 N, 4 30 W
Area: total: 572 sq km
land: 572 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 160 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Climate: temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about a third of the time
Terrain: hills in north and south bisected by central valley
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: none
Land use: agricultural land: 74.7% arable land 43.8%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 30.9% forest: 6.1%
other: 19.2% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (2012)
Natural hazards: NA
Current Environment Issues: waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollution
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 People
Nationality: noun: Manxman(men), Manxwoman(women)
adjective: Manx
Ethnic groups: white 96.5%, Asian/Asian British 1.9%, other 1.5% (2011 est.)
Languages: English, Manx Gaelic (about 2% of the population has some knowledge)
Religions: Protestant (Anglican, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends), Roman Catholic
Population: 88,195 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 16.31% (male 7,526/female 6,855)
15-24 years: 11.61% (male 5,354/female 4,886)
25-54 years: 39.04% (male 17,212/female 17,222)
55-64 years: 12.93% (male 5,752/female 5,649)
65 years and over: 20.11% (male 8,287/female 9,452) (2016 est.)
Median age: total: 43.9 years
male: 43.2 years
female: 44.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.72% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 11 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 10.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate: 6.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 52.1% of total population (2014)
rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: DOUGLAS (capital) 29,000 (2014)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 4.1 deaths/1,000 live births male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.2 years male: 79.5 years
female: 83 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.93 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Literacy:
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24: total: 10.1% male: 11.8%
female: 8.2% (2011 est.)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Isle of Man
abbreviation: I.O.M.
etymology: the name "man" may be derived from the Celtic word for "mountain"
Government type: parliamentary democracy (Tynwald); a Crown dependency of the UK
Capital: name: Douglas
geographic coordinates: 54 09 N, 4 29 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions: none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections
Independence: none (British crown dependency)
National holiday: Tynwald Day, 5 July (1417); date Tynwald Day was first recorded
Constitution: history: development of the Isle of Man constitution dates to at least the 14th century amendments: proposed as bills in the House of Keys by the “Government,” by a “Member of the House,” or by outside bodies or private individuals through petition to the House or Council; passage normally requires three separate readings and approval of at least 13 House members; following both House and Legislative Council agreement, assent is required by the lieutenant governor acting on behalf of the Crown; the constitution has been expanded and amended many times, last in 2015 (2016)
Legal system: the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply and include Manx statutes
Suffrage: 16 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir Richard GOZNEY (since 27 May 2016)

head of government: Chief Minister Howard QUAYLE (since 4 October 2016)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the lieutenant governor elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; chief minister indirectly elected by the Tynwald for a 5-year term (eligible for second term); election last held on 4 October 2016 (next to be held in 2021)

election results: Howard QUAYLE (independent) elected chief minister; Tynwald vote count - 21 of 33
Legislative branch: description: bicameral Tynwald or the High Court of Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (11 seats; includes the President of Tynwald, 2 ex-officio members - the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man and the attorney general (non-voting) - and 8 members indirectly elected by the House of Keys with renewal of 4 members every 2 years; elected members serve 4-year terms) and the House of Keys (24 seats; 2 members directly elected by simple majority vote from 12 constituencies to serve 5-year terms)

elections: House of Keys - last held on 22 September 2016 (next to be held in September 2021)

election results: House of Keys - percent of vote by party - Liberal Vannin 6.4%, independent 91.7%; seats by party - Liberal Vannin 3, independent 21
Judicial branch: highest resident court(s): Isle of Man High Court of Justice (consists of 3 permanent judges or "deemsters" and 1 judge of appeal; organized into the Staff of Government Division or Court of Appeal and the Civil Division); the Court of General Gaol Delivery is not formally part of the High Court but is administered as though part of the High Court and deals with serious criminal cases; note - appeals beyond the Court of Appeal are referred to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London) judge selection and term of office: deemsters appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor; deemsters can serve until age 70

subordinate courts: High Court; Court of Summary Gaol Delivery; Summary Courts; Magistrate's Court; specialized courts
Political parties and leaders: Liberal Vannin Party [Kate BEECROFT] Manx Labor Party Mec Vannin [Bernard MOFFATT]; (sometimes referred to as the Manx Nationalist Party; advocates a sovereign state and environment policies) note: most members sit as independents
Political pressure groups and leaders: Alliance for Progressive Government or APG (a government watchdog)
International organization participation: UPU
National symbol(s): triskelion (a motif of three legs); national colors: red, white
National anthem: name: "Arrane Ashoonagh dy Vannin" (O Land of Our Birth)
lyrics/music: William Henry GILL [English], John J. KNEEN [Manx]/traditional

note: adopted 2003, in use since 1907; serves as a local anthem; as a British Crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom) and is played when the sovereign, members of the royal family, or the lieutenant governor are present
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (British Crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (British Crown dependency)
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 Economy
Financial services, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government offers low taxes and other incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island; this has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their contributions to GDP. The Isle of Man also attracts online gambling sites and the film industry. Online gambling sites provided about 10% of the islands income in 2014. The Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets and trade is mostly with the UK. In October 2014, the Isle of Man signed an OECD agreement to automatically exchange some financial account information to limit tax avoidance and evasion. Financial services, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government offers low taxes and other incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island; this has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their contributions to GDP. The Isle of Man also attracts online gambling sites and the film industry. Online gambling sites provided about 10% of the islands income in 2014. The Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets and trade is mostly with the UK. In October 2014, the Isle of Man signed an OECD agreement to automatically exchange some financial account information to limit tax avoidance and evasion.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $6.298 billion (FY12/13 est.) $5.85 billion (FY11/12 est.) $5.621 billion (FY10/11 est.)

note: data are in 2013 US dollars GDP (purchasing power parity): $6.298 billion (FY12/13 est.) $5.85 billion (FY11/12 est.) $5.621 billion (FY10/11 est.) note: data are in 2013 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $4.076 billion (2007 est.) GDP (official exchange rate): $4.076 billion (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 2.2% (2012) 3.4% (2011) 2.1% (2010) 2.2% (2012) 3.4% (2011) 2.1% (2010)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $83,100 (2007 est.) $35,000 (2005 est.) GDP - per capita (PPP): $83,100 (2007 est.) $35,000 (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products: cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry
Industries: financial services, light manufacturing, tourism financial services, light manufacturing, tourism
Labor force: 41,790 (2006) 41,790 (2006)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture, forestry, and fishing: 2% manufacturing: 5% construction: 8% gas, electricity, and water: 1% transport and communication: 9% wholesale and retail distribution: 11% professional and scientific
services: 20% public administration: 7% banking and finance: 23% tourism: 1% entertainment and catering: 5% miscellaneous services: 8% (2006) agriculture, forestry, and fishing: 2% manufacturing: 5% construction: 8% gas, electricity, and water: 1% transport and communication: 9% wholesale and retail distribution: 11% professional and scientific services: 20% public administration: 7% banking and finance: 23% tourism: 1% entertainment and catering: 5% miscellaneous services: 8% (2006)
Unemployment rate: 2% (April 2011 est.) 1.8% (October 2010 est.) 2% (April 2011 est.) 1.8% (October 2010 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA% NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA% lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $965 million
expenditures: $943 million (FY05/06 est.) revenues: $965 million expenditures: $943 million (FY05/06 est.)
Taxes and other revenues: 23.7% of GDP (FY05/06 est.) 23.7% of GDP (FY05/06 est.)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March 1 April - 31 March
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5% (2010 est.) 3.1% (2006) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5% (2010 est.) 3.1% (2006)
Exports: $NA $NA
Exports - commodities: tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb
Imports: $NA $NA
Imports - commodities: timber, fertilizers, fish timber, fertilizers, fish
Debt - external: $NA $NA
Market value of publicly traded shares: $NA $NA
Exchange rates: Manx pounds (IMP) per US dollar - 0.7391 (2016 est.) 0.6542 (2015 est.) 0.6542 (2014) 0.6472 (2013 est.) 0.6241 (2012 est.) Manx pounds (IMP) per US dollar - 0.7391 (2016 est.) 0.6542 (2015 est.) 0.6542 (2014) 0.6472 (2013 est.) 0.6241 (2012 est.)
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 Energy
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 Communications
Telephone system:

domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system

international: country code - 44; fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable
Broadcast media: national public radio broadcasts over 3 FM stations and 1 AM station; 2 commercial broadcasters operating with 1 having multiple FM stations; receives radio and TV services via relays from British TV and radio broadcasters (2008)
Internet country code: .im
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 Transportation
Airports: 1 (2013)
Airports (paved runways): total 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
Railways: total 63 km

narrow gauge: 6 km 1.076-m gauge (6 km electrified); 57 km 0.914-m gauge (29 km electrified)

note: primarily summer tourist attractions (2008)
Roadways: total 500 km
(2008)
Merchant marine: total 321

by type: bulk carrier 59, cargo 55, chemical tanker 52, container 7, liquefied gas 43, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 93, roll on/roll off 5, vehicle carrier 5

foreign-owned: 223 (Bermuda 7, Chile 9, Denmark 30, Germany 56, Greece 62, Ireland 1, Japan 19, Malaysia 6, Norway 30, South Africa 2, US 1) (2010)
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Douglas, Ramsey
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 Military
Defense is the responsibility of the UK
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 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: none
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