Bermuda Population: 69,467

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 History
Bermuda was first settled in 1609 by shipwrecked English colonists headed for Virginia. Vacationing to the island to escape North American winters first developed in Victorian times. Tourism continues to be important to the island's economy, although international business has overtaken it in recent years. Bermuda has also developed into a highly successful offshore financial center. A referendum on independence from the UK was soundly defeated in 1995.

 Geography
Consists of about 138 coral islands and islets with ample rainfall, but no rivers or freshwater lakes; some land was leased by the US Government from 1941 to 1995
Location: North America, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, east of South Carolina (US)
Geographic coordinates: 32 20 N, 64 45 W
Area: total: 54 sq km
land: 54 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: about one-third the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 103 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate: subtropical; mild, humid; gales, strong winds common in winter
Terrain: low hills separated by fertile depressions
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Town Hill 76 m
Natural resources: limestone, pleasant climate fostering tourism
Land use: arable land: 14.8%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 85.2% (55% developed, 45% rural/open space) (2011)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: hurricanes (June to November)
Current Environment Issues: sustainable development
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 People
Nationality: noun: Bermudian(s)
adjective: Bermudian
Ethnic groups: black 53.8%, white 31%, mixed 7.5%, other races 7.1%, unspecified 0.6% (2010 census)
Languages: English (official), Portuguese
Religions: Protestant 49.2% (Anglican 15.8%, African Methodist Episcopal 8.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6.7, other Protestant 18.1%), Roman Catholic 14.5%, other 12.4%, unspecified 6.2%, none 17.7% (2010 census)
Population: 69,467 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 17.6% (male 6,186/female 6,048)
15-24 years: 12.3% (male 4,249/female 4,262)
25-54 years: 40% (male 13,861/female 13,956)
55-64 years: 14.1% (male 4,660/female 5,159)
65 years and over: 16% (male 4,644/female 6,442) (2013 est.)
Median age: total: 42.6 years
male: 40.9 years
female: 44.3 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.55% (2013 est.)
Birth rate: 11.39 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate: 7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate: 1.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 100% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: HAMILTON (capital) 11,000 (2011)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 2.47 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.58 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.36 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 80.93 years
male: 77.71 years
female: 84.2 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.96 children born/woman (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.3% (2005)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 163 (2005)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 392 (2005)
Education expenditures: 2.6% of GDP (2010)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98%
male: 98%
female: 99% (2005 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 12 years
male: 11 years
female: 13 years (2011)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24: total: 10.8%
male: 14.3%
female: 7.6% (2000)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Bermuda
former: Somers Islands
Government type: parliamentary; self-governing territory
Capital: name: Hamilton
geographic coordinates: 32 17 N, 64 47 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
Administrative divisions: 9 parishes and 2 municipalities*; Devonshire, Hamilton, Hamilton*, Paget, Pembroke, Saint George*, Saint George's, Sandys, Smith's, Southampton, Warwick
Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday: Bermuda Day, 24 May
Constitution: 8 June 1968; amended 1989 and 2003
Legal system: English common law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor George FERGUSSON (since 23 May 2012)

head of government: Premier Craig CANNONIER (since 18 December 2012)

cabinet: Cabinet nominated by the premier, appointed by the governor (For more information visit the World Leaders website )

elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually appointed premier by the governor
Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (11 seats; members appointed by the governor, the premier, and the opposition to serve a five-year term) and the House of Assembly (36 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve up to five-year terms)

elections: last general election held on 17 December 2012 (next to be held not later than 2017)

election results: percent of vote by party - OBA 51.7%, PLP 46.1%, other 2.2%; seats by party - OBA 19, PLP 17
Judicial branch: highest court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and 4 justices); Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice, 4 puisne judges, and 1 associate justice) note - the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, in London, is the court of last resort judge selection and term of office: Court of Appeal justice appointed by the governor; justice tenure by individual appointment; Supreme Court judges nominated by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission and appointed by the governor; judge tenure NA

subordinate courts: commercial court (began in 2006); magistrates' courts
Political parties and leaders: Progressive Labor Party or PLP [Marc BEAN]; One Bermuda Alliance or OBA [Thad HOLLIS]
Political pressure groups and leaders: Association of Bermuda Insurers and Reinsurers or ABIR [Bradley KADING]; Association of Bermuda International Companies or ABIC [George HUTCHINGS]; Bermuda Employer's Council [Keith JENSEN]; Bermuda Industrial Union or BIU [Chris Furbert]; Bermuda Public Services Union or BPSU [Kevin GRANT and Ed BALL]; Bermuda Union of Teachers [Michael CHARLES]
International organization participation: Caricom (associate), ICC (NGOs), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, ITUC (NGOs), UPU, WCO
National symbol(s): red lion
National anthem: name: "Hail to Bermuda"
lyrics/music: Bette JOHNS

note: serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Consul General Robert SETTJE
consulate(s) general: Crown Hill, 16 Middle Road, Devonshire DVO3
mailing address: P. O. Box HM325, Hamilton HMBX; American Consulate General Hamilton, US Department of State, 5300 Hamilton Place, Washington, DC 20520-5300
telephone: [1] (441) 295-1342
FAX: [1] (441) 295-1592, 296-9233
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 Economy
Despite four years of recession and a public debt of $1.4 billion, Bermuda enjoys the fourth highest per capita income in the world, about 70% higher than that of the US. The average cost of a single-family home in 2012 was $1.1 million. Its economy is primarily based on international business and the provision of financial services to that sector, and to a lesser extent tourism. A number of reinsurance companies relocated to the island following the 11 September 2001 attacks on the US and again after Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma in 2005, contributing to the expansion of an already robust international business sector. Bermuda's tourism industry - which derives over 80% of its visitors from the US - continues to struggle and has dropped in its relevant importance to the economy, although it is still important as a job creator. Bermuda must import almost everything. Agriculture is limited due to the small size of the island and Bermuda's industrial sector is small.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $5.6 billion (2011 est.) $5.803 billion (2010 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $5.6 billion (2011)
GDP - real growth rate: -3.5% (2011)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $86,000 (2011 est.)
GDP - composition, by end use: household consumption: 33%
government consumption: 15.9%
investment in fixed capital: 24.9%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 68%
imports of goods and services: -35.9% (2012 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin: household consumption: 33%
government consumption: 15.9%
investment in fixed capital: 24.9%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 68%
imports of goods and services: -35.9% (2012 est.)
Agriculture - products: bananas, vegetables, citrus, flowers; dairy products, honey
Industries: international business, tourism, light manufacturing
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Labor force: 37,400 (2011)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture and fishing: 3% laborers: 17% clerical: 19% professional and technical: 21% administrative and managerial: 15% sales: 7%
services: 19% (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate: 8% (2012 est.)
Population below poverty line: 11% (2008 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $973.2 million
expenditures: $1.115 billion (FY11/12)
Taxes and other revenues: 17.4% of GDP (FY11/12 est.)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.4% (2012 est.) 2.7% (2011 est.)
Exports: $11 million (2012 est.) $16 million (2011 est.)
Exports - commodities: reexports of pharmaceuticals
Exports - partners: Australia 16.1%, US 13.9%, Indonesia 11.9% (2012)
Imports: $920 million (2012 est.) $940 million (2011 est.)
Imports - commodities: clothing, fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, chemicals, food and live animals
Imports - partners: Kazakhstan 32.4%, South Korea 31%, US 14.1%, Singapore 6.6%, China 4.7% (2012)
Debt - external: $1.4 billion (2012 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: $NA
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: $NA
Market value of publicly traded shares: $1.533 billion (31 December 2012) $1.436 billion (31 December 2011) $1.535 billion (31 December 2010)
Exchange rates: Bermudian dollars (BMD) per US dollar - 1 (2012 est.) 1 (2011 est.)
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 Energy
Electricity - production: 716.8 million kWh (2011 est.) country comparison to the world: 155
Electricity - consumption: 636.5 million kWh (2011 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2011 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2011 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 165,000 kW (2011 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 98.2% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 1.8% of total installed capacity note: the Tynes Bay Waste Treatment Facility turns waste to electric energy (2012 est.)
Crude oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)
Refined petroleum products - production: 0 bbl/day (2012 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 2,747 bbl/day (2012 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 0 bbl/day (2012 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 2,747 bbl/day (2012 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2012 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2012 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2012 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2012 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 812,800 Mt (2010 est.)
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 Communications
Telephones in use: 57,800 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 160
Cellular Phones in use: 88,200 (2010)
Telephone system: general assessment: a good, fully automatic digital telephone system with fiber-optic trunk lines

domestic: the system has a high fixed-line teledensity coupled with a mobile-cellular teledensity of roughly 125 per 100 persons

international: country code - 1-441; landing points for the GlobeNet, Gemini Bermuda, CBUS, and the Challenger Bermuda-1 (CB-1) submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 (2010)
Broadcast media: 3 TV stations; cable and satellite TV subscription services are available; roughly 13 radio stations operating (2012)
Internet country code: .bm
Internet hosts: 20,040 (2012)
Internet users: 54,000 (2009)
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 Transportation
Airports: 1 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 212
Airports (paved runways): total 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2013)
Roadways: total 447 km
paved: 447 km

note: 225 km public roads; 222 km private roads (2010)
Merchant marine: total 139

by type: bulk carrier 22, chemical tanker 3, container 14, liquefied gas 43, passenger 27, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 19, refrigerated cargo 9

foreign-owned: 105 (France 1, Germany 14, Greece 8, Hong Kong 4, Ireland 1, Israel 3, Japan 2, Monaco 2, Nigeria 11, Norway 5, Sweden 14, UK 14, US 26)

registered in other countries: 241 (Bahamas 15, Cyprus 1, France 5, Greece 3, Hong Kong 20, Isle of Man 7, Liberia 4, Malta 15, Marshall Islands 35, Netherlands 1, Norway 24, Panama 27, Philippines 47, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1, Singapore 25, UK 6, US 5) (2010)
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Hamilton, Ireland Island, Saint George
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 Military
Defense is the responsibility of the UK
Military branches: Bermuda Regiment (2012)
Military service age and obligation: 18-45 years of age for voluntary male or female enlistment in the Bermuda Regiment; males must register at age 18 and may be subject to conscription; term of service is 38 months for volunteers or conscripts (2012)
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 15,081 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 12,323
females age 16-49: 12,174 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 433
female: 410 (2010 est.)
Military expenditures: 0.11% of GDP (2005 est.)
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 Transnational Issues
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