Aruba Population: 109,153


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Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.

A flat, riverless island renowned for its white sand beaches; its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean; the temperature is almost constant at about 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees Fahrenheit)
Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela
Geographic coordinates: 12 30 N, 69 58 W
Area: total: 180 sq km
land: 180 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: slightly larger than Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 68.5 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate: tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain: flat with a few hills; scant vegetation
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Ceru Jamanota 188 m
Natural resources: NEGL; white sandy beaches
Land use: arable land: 11.11%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 88.89% (2005)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: hurricanes; lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt and is rarely threatened
Current Environment Issues: NA
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Nationality: noun: Aruban(s)
adjective: Aruban; Dutch
Ethnic groups: mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%, other 20%
Languages: Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 66.3%, Spanish 12.6%, English (widely spoken) 7.7%, Dutch (official) 5.8%, other 2.2%, unspecified or unknown 5.3% (2000 census)
Religions: Roman Catholic 80.8%, Protestant 7.8% (Evangelist 4.1%, Methodist 1.2%, other Protestant 2.5%), Jehovah's Witnesses 1.5%, Jewish 0.2%, other 5.1%, none or unspecified 4.6%
Population: 109,153 (July 2013 est.) note: estimate based on a revision of the base population, fertility, and mortality numbers, as well as a revision of 1985-99 migration estimates from outmigration to inmigration, which is assumed to continue into the future; the new results are consistent with the 2000 census
Age structure: 0-14 years: 17.9% (male 9,786/female 9,735)
15-24 years: 13.6% (male 7,427/female 7,405)
25-54 years: 43.4% (male 22,938/female 24,467)
55-64 years: 13.2% (male 6,492/female 7,891)
65 years and over: 11.9% (male 5,113/female 7,899) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 44.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 28 %
elderly dependency ratio: 16.4 %
potential support ratio: 6.1 (2013)
Median age: total: 38.6 years
male: 36.8 years
female: 40.4 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.39% (2013 est.)
Birth rate: 12.72 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate: 8 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate: 9.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 47% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: ORANJESTAD (capital) 37,000 (2011)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.81 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.65 male(s)/female
total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 12.12 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 15.97 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.14 years
male: 73.09 years
female: 79.25 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.84 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Drinking water source: improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2010 est.)
Education expenditures: 6.7% of GDP (2010)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.8%
male: 96.9%
female: 96.7% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2011)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24: total: 23.2%
male: 24.1%
female: 22.9% (2007)
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Country name: conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Aruba
Government type: parliamentary democracy
Capital: name: Oranjestad
geographic coordinates: 12 31 N, 70 02 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
National holiday: Flag Day, 18 March (1976)
Constitution: 1 January 1986
Legal system: civil law system based on the Dutch civil code
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: King WILLEM-ALEXANDER of the Netherlands (since 30 April 2013); represented by Governor General Fredis REFUNJOL (since 11 May 2004)

head of government: Prime Minister Michiel "Mike" Godfried EMAN (since 30 October 2009)

cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Staten (For more information visit the World Leaders website )

elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed for a six-year term by the monarch; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by the Staten for four-year terms; election last held on 25 September 2009 (next to be held by September 2013)

election results: Michiel "Mike" Godfried EMAN elected prime minister; percent of legislative vote - NA
Legislative branch: unicameral Legislature or Staten (21 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held on 25 September 2009 (next to be held in 2013)

election results: percent of vote by party - AVP 48%, MEP 35.9%, PDR 5.7%, other 10.4%; seats by party - AVP 12, MEP 8, PDR 1
Judicial branch: highest court(s): Joint Court of Justice of Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, and of Bonaire, Sint Eustatitus and Saba or "Joint Court of Justice" (consists of the presiding judge, NA members, and NA substitutes); final appeals heard by the Supreme Court, in The Hague, Netherlands note - prior to 2010, the Joint Court of Justice was the Common Court of Justice of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba judge selection and term of office: Joint Court judges appointed by the monarch for life

subordinate courts: Courts in First Instance
Political parties and leaders: Aliansa/Aruban Social Movement or MSA [Robert WEVER] Aruban Liberal Organization or OLA [Glenbert CROES] Aruban Patriotic Movement or MPA [Monica ARENDS-KOCK] Aruban Patriotic Party or PPA [Benny NISBET] Aruban People's Party or AVP [Michiel "Mike" EMAN] People's Electoral Movement Party or MEP [Nelson O. ODUBER] Real Democracy or PDR [Andin BIKKER] RED [Rudy LAMPE] Workers Political Platform or PTT [Gregorio WOLFF]
Political pressure groups and leaders: other: environmental groups
International organization participation: Caricom (observer), FATF, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ITUC (NGOs), UNESCO (associate), UNWTO (associate), UPU
National anthem: name: "Aruba Deshi Tera" (Aruba Precious Country)
lyrics/music: Juan Chabaya 'Padu' LAMPE/Rufo Inocencio WEVER

note: local anthem adopted 1986; as part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, "Het Wilhelmus" is official (see Netherlands)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands); note - Mr. Henry BAARH, Minister Plenipotentiary for Aruba at the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Aruba; the Consul General to Curacao is accredited to Aruba
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Tourism and offshore banking are the mainstays of the small open Aruban economy. Oil refining and storage ended in 2009. The rapid growth of the tourism sector over the last decade has resulted in a substantial expansion of other activities. Over 1.5 million tourists per year visit Aruba with 75% of those from the US. Construction continues to boom with hotel capacity five times the 1985 level. Tourist arrivals rebounded strongly following a dip after the 11 September 2001 attacks. Aruba is heavily dependent on imports and is making efforts to expand exports to achieve a more desirable trade balance. The government has also made cutting the budget and international development high priorities.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $2.516 billion (2009 est.) $2.258 billion (2005 est.) $2.205 billion (2004 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $2.516 billion (2009 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 2.4% (2005 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $25,300 (2011 est.)
Agriculture - products: aloes; livestock; fish
Industries: tourism, transshipment facilities, banking
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Labor force: 51,610 note: of the 51,610 workers aged 15 and over in the labor force, 32,252 were born in Aruba and 19,353 came from abroad; foreign workers are 38% of the employed population (2007 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA% note: most employment is in wholesale and retail trade and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants
Unemployment rate: 6.9% (2005 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $543.9 million
expenditures: $738.5 million (2012 est.)
Taxes and other revenues: 21.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
Public debt: 46.3% of GDP (2005)
Fiscal year: calendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 0.6% (2012 est.) 4.4% (2011 est.)
Exports: $2.745 billion (2012 est.) $5.179 billion (2011 est.)
Exports - commodities: live animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and electrical equipment, transport equipment
Exports - partners: Colombia 39.4%, Venezuela 29.3%, US 13%, Netherlands Antilles 4.1% (2012)
Imports: $3.299 billion (2012 est.) $5.892 billion (2011 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery and electrical equipment, crude oil for refining and reexport, chemicals; foodstuffs
Imports - partners: US 46.4%, Netherlands 11.5%, UK 5.4% (2012)
Debt - external: $533.4 million (2005 est.)
Exchange rates: Aruban guilders/florins per US dollar - 1.79 (2012) 1.79 (2011)
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Electricity - production: 880 million kWh (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 149
Electricity - consumption: 818.4 million kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 266,000 kW (2009 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 88.7% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 11.3% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Crude oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 227,000 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)
Refined petroleum products - production: 205,400 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 5,661 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 205,400 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 6,646 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Natural gas - production: 1 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 1 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 1 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 1 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 1.241 million Mt (2010 est.)
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Telephones in use: 35,000 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 174
Cellular Phones in use: 131,800 (2010)
Telephone system: general assessment: modern fully automatic telecommunications system

domestic: increased competition through privatization; 3 mobile-cellular service providers are now licensed

international: country code - 297; landing site for the PAN-AM submarine telecommunications cable system that extends from the US Virgin Islands through Aruba to Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, and the west coast of South America; extensive interisland microwave radio relay links (2007)
Broadcast media: 2 commercial TV stations; cable TV subscription service provides access to foreign channels; about 20 commercial radio stations broadcast (2007)
Internet country code: .aw
Internet hosts: 40,560 (2012)
Internet users: 24,000 (2009)
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Airports: 1 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 210
Airports (paved runways): total 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2013)
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Barcadera, Oranjestad oil terminal(s): Sint Nicolaas cruise port(s): Oranjestad
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Defense is the responsibility of the Netherlands; the Aruba security services focus on organized crime and terrorism (2011)
Military branches: no regular military forces (2011)
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 24,891
females age 16-49: 26,202 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 20,527
females age 16-49: 21,493 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 767
female: 743 (2010 est.)
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 Transnational Issues
Illicit drugs: transit point for US- and Europe-bound narcotics with some accompanying money-laundering activity; relatively high percentage of population consumes cocaine
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   Source: CIA - The World Factbook

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