American Samoa Population: 54,719

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 History
Settled as early as 1000 B.C., Samoa was not reached by European explorers until the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.

 Geography
Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean
Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand
Geographic coordinates: 14 20 S, 170 00 W
Area: total: 199 sq km
land: 199 sq km
water: 0 sq km

note: includes Rose Island and Swains Island

Size comparison: slightly larger than Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 116 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate: tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October); little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain: five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island)
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Lata Mountain 964 m
Natural resources: pumice, pumicite
Land use: arable land: 9.5%
permanent crops: 15%
other: 75.5% (2011)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: typhoons common from December to March volcanism: limited volcanic activity on the Ofu and Olosega Islands; neither has erupted since the 19th century
Current Environment Issues: limited natural freshwater resources; the water division of the government has spent substantial funds in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines
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 People
Nationality: noun: American Samoan(s) (US nationals)
adjective: American Samoan
Ethnic groups: native Pacific islander 91.6%, Asian 2.8%, white 1.1%, mixed 4.2%, other 0.3% (2000 census)
Languages: Samoan 90.6% (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English 2.9%, Tongan 2.4%, other Pacific islander 2.1%, other 2% note: most people are bilingual (2000 census)
Religions: Christian Congregationalist 50%, Roman Catholic 20%, Protestant and other 30%
Population: 54,719 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 25.2% (male 6,809/female 7,005)
15-24 years: 20.9% (male 5,657/female 5,760)
25-54 years: 41.5% (male 11,662/female 11,028)
55-64 years: 7.7% (male 2,096/female 2,134)
65 years and over: 4.7% (male 1,189/female 1,379) (2013 est.)
Median age: total: 27.8 years
male: 28.3 years
female: 27.3 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate: -0.4% (2013 est.)
Birth rate: 22.84 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate: 4.62 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate: -22.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 93% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: PAGO PAGO (capital) 64,000 (2011)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 9.15 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 11.79 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.68 years
male: 71.73 years
female: 77.8 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate: 3.04 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate: 74.6% (2007)
Education expenditures: NA
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97%
male: 98%
female: 97% (1980 est.)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Territory of American Samoa
conventional short form: American Samoa abbreviation: AS
Government type: NA
Capital: name: Pago Pago
geographic coordinates: 14 16 S, 170 42 W
time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three districts and two islands* at the second order; Eastern, Manu'a, Rose Island*, Swains Island*, Western
Independence: none (territory of the US)
National holiday: Flag Day, 17 April (1900)
Constitution: ratified 2 June 1966; amended 2008
Legal system: mixed legal system of US common law and customary law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)

head of government: Governor Lolo Matalasi MOLIGA (since 3 January 2013)

cabinet: Cabinet made up of 12 department directors (For more information visit the World Leaders website )

elections: under the US Constitution, residents of unincorporated territories, such as American Samoa, do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; however, they may vote in Democratic and Republican presidential primary elections; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held on 6 November 2012 with a runoff election held on 20 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2016)

election results: runoff election percent of vote - Lolo Matalasi MOLIGA 52.9%, Faoa Aitofele SUNIA 47.1%
Legislative branch: bicameral Fono or Legislative Assembly consists of the Senate (18 seats; members are elected from local chiefs to serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives (21 seats; 20 members are elected by popular vote and 1 is an appointed, nonvoting delegate from Swains Island; members serve two-year terms)

elections: House of Representatives - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014); Senate - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2016)

election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independents 20; Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independents 18 note: American Samoa elects one nonvoting representative to the US House of Representatives; election last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014); results - Eni F. H. FALEOMAVAEGA reelected as delegate
Judicial branch: highest court(s): High Court of American Samoa (consists of the chief justice, associate chief justice, and 6 Samoan associate judges and organized into trial, family, drug, and appellate divisions) note - American Samoa has no US federal courts judge selection and term of office: chief justice and associate chief justice appointed by the US Secretary of the Interior to serve for life; Samoan associate judges appointed by the governor to serve for life

subordinate courts: district and village courts
Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party [Oreta M. TOGAFAU] Republican Party [Tautai A. F. FAALEVAO]
Political pressure groups and leaders: Population Pressure LAS (addresses the growing population pressures)
International organization participation: AOSIS, Interpol (subbureau), IOC, PIF (observer), SPC, UPU
National symbol(s):
National anthem: name: "Amerika Samoa" (American Samoa)
lyrics/music: Mariota Tiumalu TUIASOSOPO/Napoleon Andrew TUITELELEAPAGA

note: local anthem adopted 1950; as a territory of the United States, "The Star-Spangled Banner" is official (see United States)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of the US)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (territory of the US)
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 Economy
American Samoa has a traditional Polynesian economy in which more than 90% of the land is communally owned. Economic activity is strongly linked to the US with which American Samoa conducts most of its commerce. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector with canned tuna the primary export. The two tuna canneries account for 80% of employment. In late September 2009, an earthquake and the resulting tsunami devastated American Samoa and nearby Samoa, disrupting transportation and power generation, and resulting in about 200 deaths. The US Federal Emergency Management Agency is overseeing a relief program of nearly $25 million. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa's economic well being. Attempts by the government to develop a larger and broader economy are restrained by Samoa's remote location, its limited transportation, and its devastating hurricanes. Tourism is a promising developing sector.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $575.3 million (2007 est.) $510.1 million (2003 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $462.2 million (2005)
GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2003)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $8,000 (2007 est.) $5,800 (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products: bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas; dairy products, livestock
Industries: tuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Labor force: 17,630 (2005)
Unemployment rate: 29.8% (2005)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $155.4 million (FY07)
expenditures: $183.6 million (2007)
Taxes and other revenues: 33.6% of GDP (2007)
Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%
Exports: $445.6 million (FY04 est.)
Exports - commodities: canned tuna 93%
Imports: $308.8 million (FY04 est.)
Imports - commodities: raw materials for canneries, food, petroleum products, machinery and parts
Debt - external: $NA
Exchange rates: the US dollar is used
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 Energy
Electricity - production: 190 million kWh (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 183
Electricity - consumption: 176.7 million kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 60,000 kW (2009 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Crude oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)
Refined petroleum products - production: 0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 5,115 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 2,697 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 688,800 Mt (2010 est.)
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 Communications
Telephones in use: 10,400 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 200
Telephone system: general assessment: good telex, telegraph, facsimile, and cellular telephone services

domestic: domestic satellite system with 1 Comsat earth station

international: country code - 1-684; satellite earth station - 1 (Intelsat-Pacific Ocean)
Broadcast media: 3 TV stations; multi-channel pay TV services are available; about a dozen radio stations, some of which are repeater stations (2009)
Internet country code: .as
Internet hosts: 2,387 (2012)
Internet users: NA
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 Transportation
Airports: 3 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 193
Airports (paved runways): total 3
over 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2013)
Roadways: total 241 km
(2008)
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Pago Pago
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 Military
Defense is the responsibility of the US
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 14,562
females age 16-49: 14,129 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 775
female: 762 (2010 est.)
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 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: Tokelau included American Samoa's Swains Island (Olosega) in its 2006 draft independence constitution
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Source: CIA - The World Factbook
 

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