Anguilla Population: 15,754

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 Background
Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.

 Geography
The most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles
Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 63 10 W
Area: total: 91 sq km land: 91 sq km water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: about one-half the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 61 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 3 nm exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate: tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
Terrain: flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m
Natural resources: salt, fish, lobster
Land use: arable land: 0% permanent crops: 0% other: 100% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds) (2011)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)
Current Environment Issues: supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system
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 People
Nationality: noun: Anguillan(s) adjective: Anguillan
Ethnic groups: black (predominant) 90.1%, mixed, mulatto 4.6%, white 3.7%, other 1.5% (2001 census)
Languages: English (official)
Religions: Protestant 83.1% (Anglican 29%, Methodist 23.9%, other Protestant 30.2%), Roman Catholic 5.7%, other Christian 1.7%, other 5.2%, none or unspecified 4.3% (2001 census)
Population: 15,754 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 23.5% (male 1,899/female 1,807) 15-24 years: 14.3% (male 1,116/female 1,138) 25-54 years: 45.2% (male 3,223/female 3,890) 55-64 years: 8.9% (male 703/female 695) 65 years and over: 8.1% (male 631/female 652) (2013 est.)
Median age: total: 33.9 years
male: 32.2 years female: 35.4 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.11% (2013 est.)
Birth rate: 12.82 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate: 4.44 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate: 12.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 100% of total population (2010) rate of urbanization: 1.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: THE VALLEY (capital) 2,000 (2011)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-24 years: 0.97 male(s)/female 25-54 years: 0.84 male(s)/female 55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 3.42 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.84 deaths/1,000 live births female: 2.98 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.09 years
male: 78.51 years female: 83.74 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.75 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate: 43% note: percent of women aged 15-45 (2003)
Drinking water source: improved: urban: 60% of population total: 60% of population unimproved: urban: 40% of population total: 40% of population (2000 est.)
Sanitation facility access: improved: urban: 99% of population total: 99% of population unimproved: urban: 1% of population total: 1% of population (2008 est.)
Education expenditures: 3.5% of GDP (2008)
Literacy: definition: age 12 and over can read and write
total population: 95% male: 95% female: 95% (1984 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 11 years
male: 11 years female: 11 years (2008)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: none conventional short form: Anguilla
Government type: NA
Capital: name: The Valley geographic coordinates: 18 13 N, 63 03 W time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday: Anguilla Day, 30 May (1967)
Constitution: Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982; amended 1990
Legal system: common law based on the English model
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Christina SCOTT (since 23 July 2013) head of government: Chief Minister Hubert HUGHES (since 16 February 2010) cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Legislative branch: unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats; 7 members elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members, and 2 appointed; members serve five-year terms) elections: last held on 15 February 2010 (next to be held in 2015) election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AUM 4, AUF 2, APP 1
Judicial branch: highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Anguilla; the ECSC - headquartered on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the 9 member states; High Court judges reside in 7 member states, though none resides on Anguilla judge selection and term of office: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court chief justice appointed by Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62 subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court; Juvenile Court
Political parties and leaders: Anguilla Progressive Party or APP [Brent DAVIS] Anguilla Strategic Alternative or ANSA [Edison BAIRD] Anguilla United Front or AUF [Osbourne FLEMING, Victor BANKS] (a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA) Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
International organization participation: Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU
National symbol(s): dolphin
National anthem: name: "God Bless Anguilla" lyrics/music: Alex RICHARDSON note: local anthem adopted 1981; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
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 Economy
Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry has spurred the growth of the construction sector contributing to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $175.4 million (2009 est.) $191.7 million (2008 est.) $108.9 million (2004 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $175.4 million (2009 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: -8.5% (2009 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $12,200 (2008 est.)
GDP - composition, by end use: household consumption: 79.1% government consumption: 17.6% investment in fixed capital: 26.3% exports of goods and services: 45.5% imports of goods and services: -68.3% (2012 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin: household consumption: 79.1% government consumption: 17.6% investment in fixed capital: 26.3% exports of goods and services: 45.5% imports of goods and services: -68.3% (2012 est.)
Agriculture - products: small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising
Industries: tourism, boat building, offshore financial services
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Labor force: 6,049 (2001)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining: 4% manufacturing: 3% construction: 18% transportation and utilities: 10% commerce: 36% services: 29% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate: 8% (2002)
Population below poverty line: 23% (2002)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $22.8 million expenditures: $22.5 million (2009 est.)
Taxes and other revenues: 13% of GDP (2009 est.)
Public debt: 20.7% of GDP (2012 est.) 21.4% of GDP (2011 est.)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.4% (2012 est.) 6.1% (2011 est.)
Current account balance: -$68.37 million (2012 est.) -$54.33 million (2011 est.)
Exports: $12.7 million (2012 est.) $12.2 million (2011 est.)
Exports - commodities: lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks, rum
Imports: $139.1 million (2012 est.) $140.1 million (2011 est.)
Imports - commodities: fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals, trucks, textiles
Debt - external: $8.8 million (1998)
Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2012 est.) 2.7 (2011 est.) 2.7 (2010 est.), 2.7 (2009)
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 Energy
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 Communications
Telephones in use: 6,200 (2011) country comparison to the world: 208
Cellular Phones in use: 26,000 (2011)
Telephone system: general assessment: modern internal telephone system domestic: fixed-line teledensity is roughly 40 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 170 per 100 persons international: country code - 1-264; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin/Sint Maarten (2011)
Broadcast media: 1 private TV station; multi-channel cable TV subscription services are available; about 10 radio stations, one of which is government-owned (2007)
Internet country code: .ai
Internet hosts: 269 (2012)
Internet users: 3,700 (2009)
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 Transportation
Airports: 2 (2013) country comparison to the world: 197
Airports (paved runways): total 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
Airports (unpaved runways): total 1
under 914 m: 1 (2013)
Roadways: total 175 km
paved: 82 km unpaved: 93 km (2004)
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Blowing Point, Road Bay
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 Military
Defense is the responsibility of the UK
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 3,641 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 3,009 females age 16-49: 3,397 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 111 female: 113 (2010 est.)
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 Transnational Issues
Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe
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Source: CIA - The World Factbook
 

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